Dalmatians’ origin is unknown. However, there were various breeds of spotted dogs found in Africa, Europe and Asia. The Dalmatian is easily recognized by its striking black spots. They have been named on a region located in western Croatia. Dalmatians are found in a variety of colors and they are a very active breed capable of running long distances at a stretch. However, it is a bit difficult to train this animal to behave in the home. Dalmatians are sometimes difficult with other animals. This breed specially requires outdoor open areas as few short walks never suffice to them unlike other breeds. Dalmatians are very much prone to deafness. Around 10-12 percent are of them are born deaf. Other minor concerns are hypothyroidism, allergies, iris sphincter dysplasia, and seizures. Doctors recommend that they should be constantly tested for eye problems, skin and food allergies, bladder and kidney stones, hip dysplasia, thyroid, and potential hearing loss.
They also suffer from autoimmune thyroiditis. The average lifespan of a Dalmatian is between 11 and 13 years. To reduce the risk of stones in bladders, owners should avoid giving purine to this breed of dogs, which is found in food containing organ meats and animal by-products. This breed is a heavy shedder particularly twice a year. The versatility of a Dalmatian has made this breed a war sentinel, vermin hunter, bird dog, trail hound, retriever, shepherd and a guard dog.