This breed is known to have origins in the Newfoundland region of Canada. It can survive well in extremely cold weather. It has webbed feet to travel easily over marshes and shores. Newfoundlands are known to be water animals, there are stories of them where they have rescued human beings fallen into deep water and have helped. Apart from that, Newfoundlands are also used as working dogs, for dragging carts, or carrying burdens. Newfoundland has powerful hindquarters and sufficient lung capacity which enables it to swim for great distances. The heavy coat protects it from extremely chilled waters. It has a strong, muscular, and sound character which has lead to the popularity of the breed. Loyalty and intelligence are some of the other positive traits of this breed. As they love to swim, they can be found lying in water if given a chance to. The training of this breed should be done in a proper, calm and balanced manner as it is known to be slightly difficult to train these animals. Hip dysplasia and hereditary heart disease called sub-aortic stenosis (SAS) are some of the major health concerns in this breed. These animals are prone to gaining weight so there meals should be properly taken care of. The breed lives for around 9-15 years. The heaviest shedding period is in spring, so frequent bathing should be avoided during this period as this strips away the natural oils on the coat. Earlier, Newfoundland was used for hauling nets, carrying boat lines, retrieving and rescuing shipwrecked victims. The breed was also used to haul lumber, pulling mail sheds, delivering milk, and carrying loads in packs.