The Pomeranian is named on the region of Pomerania, which is now in Germany and Poland, where it was developed from the Spitz breeds. The Pomeranian is believed to have descended from German Spitz, the larger Spitz type dogs. Pomeranians are alert dogs and are very conscious to their environment, thus they are very yappy in relatively new situations. They live for an average of 15 years. Pomeranian puppies which are newborn are very tiny and fragile. When the dog becomes old, it may become molted with bald spots. They are attention seekers and sometimes stand on their hind legs and bark to gain human attention. They are mainly white in color. There are a very high percentage of dogs which fall victim to Small dog syndrome since they are very tiny. Some health issues include deafness, increased intraocular pressure, ametropia, microphthalmia and colobomas. Merle colored dogs born from merle parents may additionally suffer from abnormalities of the skeletal, cardiac and reproductive systems. Other conditions which follow these include the Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, chronic skin infections, and reproductive hormone disorders. Pomeranians are also prone to dislocated patella (knee-cap), slipped stifle, heart problems, eye infections, skin irritations, and tooth decay. It is recommended that they should be given dry dog food or crunchy milk bones daily to keep their teeth and gums in good condition.